产品: Clock 抗体
货号: AF0323
描述: Rabbit polyclonal antibody to Clock
应用: WB IHC IF/ICC
反应: Human, Mouse, Rat
预测: Pig, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog, Chicken, Xenopus
分子量: 95kDa; 95kD(Calculated).
蛋白号: O15516
RRID: AB_2833486

浏览相似产品>>

   规格 价格 库存
 50ul RMB¥ 1250 现货
 100ul RMB¥ 2300 现货
 200ul RMB¥ 3000 现货

货期: 当天发货

联系销售

产品描述

来源:
Rabbit
应用:
WB 1:500-1:3000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:100-1:500
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
*Tips:

WB: 适用于变性蛋白样本的免疫印迹检测. IHC: 适用于组织样本的石蜡(IHC-p)或冰冻(IHC-f)切片样本的免疫组化/荧光检测. IF/ICC: 适用于细胞样本的荧光检测. ELISA(peptide): 适用于抗原肽的ELISA检测.

反应:
Human,Mouse,Rat
预测:
Pig(100%), Bovine(100%), Horse(100%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(100%), Dog(100%), Chicken(100%), Xenopus(91%)
克隆:
Polyclonal
特异性:
Clock Antibody detects endogenous levels of total Clock.
RRID:
AB_2833486
引用格式: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF0323, RRID:AB_2833486.
偶联:
Unconjugated.
纯化:
The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
保存:
Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
别名:

展开/折叠

bHLHe8; Circadian locomoter output cycles kaput protein; Circadian locomoter output cycles protein kaput; Circadian Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput; Circadium Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput; Class E basic helix-loop-helix protein 8; CLOCK; Clock circadian regulator; Clock homolog; Clock protein; CLOCK_HUMAN; hCLOCK; KIAA0334;

抗原和靶标

免疫原:
Uniprot:
基因/基因ID:
表达:
O15516 CLOCK_HUMAN:

Hair follicles (at protein level). Expressed in all tissues examined including spleen, thymus, prostate, testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, leukocytes, heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Highest levels in testis and skeletal muscle. Low levels in thymus, lung and liver. Expressed in all brain regions with highest levels in cerebellum. Highly expressed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).

描述:
CLOCK ARNTL/2-CLOCK heterodimers activate E-box element (3'- CACGTG-5') transcription of a number of proteins of the circadian clock. Activates transcription of PER1 and PER2. This transcription is inhibited in a feedback loop by PER and CRY proteins. Has intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity and this enzymatic function contributes to chromatin-remodeling events implicated in circadian control of gene expression. Acetylates primarily histones H3 and H4.
序列:
MLFTVSCSKMSSIVDRDDSSIFDGLVEEDDKDKAKRVSRNKSEKKRRDQFNVLIKELGSMLPGNARKMDKSTVLQKSIDFLRKHKEITAQSDASEIRQDWKPTFLSNEEFTQLMLEALDGFFLAIMTDGSIIYVSESVTSLLEHLPSDLVDQSIFNFIPEGEHSEVYKILSTHLLESDSLTPEYLKSKNQLEFCCHMLRGTIDPKEPSTYEYVKFIGNFKSLNSVSSSAHNGFEGTIQRTHRPSYEDRVCFVATVRLATPQFIKEMCTVEEPNEEFTSRHSLEWKFLFLDHRAPPIIGYLPFEVLGTSGYDYYHVDDLENLAKCHEHLMQYGKGKSCYYRFLTKGQQWIWLQTHYYITYHQWNSRPEFIVCTHTVVSYAEVRAERRRELGIEESLPETAADKSQDSGSDNRINTVSLKEALERFDHSPTPSASSRSSRKSSHTAVSDPSSTPTKIPTDTSTPPRQHLPAHEKMVQRRSSFSSQSINSQSVGSSLTQPVMSQATNLPIPQGMSQFQFSAQLGAMQHLKDQLEQRTRMIEANIHRQQEELRKIQEQLQMVHGQGLQMFLQQSNPGLNFGSVQLSSGNSSNIQQLAPINMQGQVVPTNQIQSGMNTGHIGTTQHMIQQQTLQSTSTQSQQNVLSGHSQQTSLPSQTQSTLTAPLYNTMVISQPAAGSMVQIPSSMPQNSTQSAAVTTFTQDRQIRFSQGQQLVTKLVTAPVACGAVMVPSTMLMGQVVTAYPTFATQQQQSQTLSVTQQQQQQSSQEQQLTSVQQPSQAQLTQPPQQFLQTSRLLHGNPSTQLILSAAFPLQQSTFPQSHHQQHQSQQQQQLSRHRTDSLPDPSKVQPQ

种属预测

种属预测:

score>80的预测可信度较高,可尝试用于WB检测。*预测模型主要基于免疫原序列比对,结果仅作参考,不作为质保凭据。

Species
Results
Score
Pig
100
Horse
100
Bovine
100
Sheep
100
Dog
100
Chicken
100
Rabbit
100
Xenopus
91
Zebrafish
0
Model Confidence:
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence

翻译修饰 - O15516 作为底物

Site PTM Type Enzyme
Phosphorylation
K31 Acetylation
K41 Acetylation
S59 Phosphorylation
K67 Sumoylation
K76 Ubiquitination
K85 Ubiquitination
S164 Phosphorylation
S177 Phosphorylation
K186 Ubiquitination
K205 Ubiquitination
Y331 Phosphorylation
K402 Ubiquitination
S403 Phosphorylation
S406 Phosphorylation
S408 Phosphorylation
K418 Ubiquitination
S427 Phosphorylation P49841 (GSK3B)
T429 Phosphorylation
S431 Phosphorylation
S434 Phosphorylation
S437 Phosphorylation
T443 Phosphorylation
S446 Phosphorylation
T451 Phosphorylation Q00535 (CDK5)
T461 Phosphorylation Q00535 (CDK5)
R702 Methylation
S836 Phosphorylation
K842 Sumoylation

研究背景

功能:

Transcriptional activator which forms a core component of the circadian clock. The circadian clock, an internal time-keeping system, regulates various physiological processes through the generation of approximately 24 hour circadian rhythms in gene expression, which are translated into rhythms in metabolism and behavior. It is derived from the Latin roots 'circa' (about) and 'diem' (day) and acts as an important regulator of a wide array of physiological functions including metabolism, sleep, body temperature, blood pressure, endocrine, immune, cardiovascular, and renal function. Consists of two major components: the central clock, residing in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the brain, and the peripheral clocks that are present in nearly every tissue and organ system. Both the central and peripheral clocks can be reset by environmental cues, also known as Zeitgebers (German for 'timegivers'). The predominant Zeitgeber for the central clock is light, which is sensed by retina and signals directly to the SCN. The central clock entrains the peripheral clocks through neuronal and hormonal signals, body temperature and feeding-related cues, aligning all clocks with the external light/dark cycle. Circadian rhythms allow an organism to achieve temporal homeostasis with its environment at the molecular level by regulating gene expression to create a peak of protein expression once every 24 hours to control when a particular physiological process is most active with respect to the solar day. Transcription and translation of core clock components (CLOCK, NPAS2, ARNTL/BMAL1, ARNTL2/BMAL2, PER1, PER2, PER3, CRY1 and CRY2) plays a critical role in rhythm generation, whereas delays imposed by post-translational modifications (PTMs) are important for determining the period (tau) of the rhythms (tau refers to the period of a rhythm and is the length, in time, of one complete cycle). A diurnal rhythm is synchronized with the day/night cycle, while the ultradian and infradian rhythms have a period shorter and longer than 24 hours, respectively. Disruptions in the circadian rhythms contribute to the pathology of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, metabolic syndromes and aging. A transcription/translation feedback loop (TTFL) forms the core of the molecular circadian clock mechanism. Transcription factors, CLOCK or NPAS2 and ARNTL/BMAL1 or ARNTL2/BMAL2, form the positive limb of the feedback loop, act in the form of a heterodimer and activate the transcription of core clock genes and clock-controlled genes (involved in key metabolic processes), harboring E-box elements (5'-CACGTG-3') within their promoters. The core clock genes: PER1/2/3 and CRY1/2 which are transcriptional repressors form the negative limb of the feedback loop and interact with the CLOCK|NPAS2-ARNTL/BMAL1|ARNTL2/BMAL2 heterodimer inhibiting its activity and thereby negatively regulating their own expression. This heterodimer also activates nuclear receptors NR1D1/2 and RORA/B/G, which form a second feedback loop and which activate and repress ARNTL/BMAL1 transcription, respectively. Regulates the circadian expression of ICAM1, VCAM1, CCL2, THPO and MPL and also acts as an enhancer of the transactivation potential of NF-kappaB. Plays an important role in the homeostatic regulation of sleep. The CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer regulates the circadian expression of SERPINE1/PAI1, VWF, B3, CCRN4L/NOC, NAMPT, DBP, MYOD1, PPARGC1A, PPARGC1B, SIRT1, GYS2, F7, NGFR, GNRHR, BHLHE40/DEC1, ATF4, MTA1, KLF10 and also genes implicated in glucose and lipid metabolism. Promotes rhythmic chromatin opening, regulating the DNA accessibility of other transcription factors. The CLOCK-ARNTL2/BMAL2 heterodimer activates the transcription of SERPINE1/PAI1 and BHLHE40/DEC1. The preferred binding motif for the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer is 5'-CACGTGA-3', which contains a flanking Ala residue in addition to the canonical 6-nucleotide E-box sequence. CLOCK specifically binds to the half-site 5'-CAC-3', while ARNTL binds to the half-site 5'-GTGA-3'. The CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer also recognizes the non-canonical E-box motifs 5'-AACGTGA-3' and 5'-CATGTGA-3'. CLOCK has an intrinsic acetyltransferase activity, which enables circadian chromatin remodeling by acetylating histones and nonhistone proteins, including its own partner ARNTL/BMAL1. Represses glucocorticoid receptor NR3C1/GR-induced transcriptional activity by reducing the association of NR3C1/GR to glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) via the acetylation of multiple lysine residues located in its hinge region. The acetyltransferase activity of CLOCK is as important as its transcription activity in circadian control. Acetylates metabolic enzymes IMPDH2 and NDUFA9 in a circadian manner. Facilitated by BMAL1, rhythmically interacts and acetylates argininosuccinate synthase 1 (ASS1) leading to enzymatic inhibition of ASS1 as well as the circadian oscillation of arginine biosynthesis and subsequent ureagenesis. Drives the circadian rhythm of blood pressure through transcriptional activation of ATP1B1 (By similarity).

翻译修饰:

Ubiquitinated, leading to its proteasomal degradation.

O-glycosylated; contains O-GlcNAc. O-glycosylation by OGT prevents protein degradation by inhibiting ubiquitination. It also stabilizes the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer thereby increasing CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1-mediated transcriptional activation of PER1/2/3 and CRY1/2.

Phosphorylation is dependent on the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer formation. Phosphorylation enhances the transcriptional activity, alters the subcellular localization and decreases the stability of the heterodimer by promoting its degradation. Phosphorylation shows circadian variations in the liver. May be phosphorylated by CSNK1D and CKSN1E.

Sumoylation enhances its transcriptional activity and interaction with ESR1, resulting in up-regulation of ESR1 activity. Estrogen stimulates sumoylation. Desumoylation by SENP1 negatively regulates its transcriptional activity. Sumoylation stimulates cell proliferation and increases the proportion of S phase cells in breast cancer cell lines.

Undergoes lysosome-mediated degradation in a time-dependent manner in the liver.

细胞定位:

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm>Cytosol.
Note: Shuffling between the cytoplasm and the nucleus is under circadian regulation and is ARNTL/BMAL1-dependent. Phosphorylated form located in the nucleus while the nonphosphorylated form found only in the cytoplasm. Sequestered to the cytoplasm in the presence of ID2 (By similarity). Localizes to sites of DNA damage in a H2AX-independent manner.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
组织特异性:

Hair follicles (at protein level). Expressed in all tissues examined including spleen, thymus, prostate, testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, leukocytes, heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Highest levels in testis and skeletal muscle. Low levels in thymus, lung and liver. Expressed in all brain regions with highest levels in cerebellum. Highly expressed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).

亚基结构:

Component of the circadian clock oscillator which includes the CRY proteins, CLOCK or NPAS2, ARNTL/BMAL1 or ARNTL2/BMAL2, CSNK1D and/or CSNK1E, TIMELESS and the PER proteins (By similarity). Interacts with KMT2A; in a circadian manner (By similarity). Forms a heterodimer with ARNTL/BMAL1. The CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer is required for E-box-dependent transactivation, for CLOCK nuclear translocation and degradation, and for phosphorylation of both CLOCK and ARNTL/BMAL1 (By similarity). Interacts with NR3C1 in a ligand-dependent fashion. Interacts with ESR1 and estrogen stimulates this interaction. Interacts with the complex p35/CDK5. Interacts with RELA/p65 (By similarity). Interacts with KAT2B, CREBBP, EP300. Interacts with ID1 and ID3 (By similarity). Interacts with ID2. Interacts with MTA1 (By similarity). Interacts with OGA (By similarity). Interacts with SIRT1 (By similarity). Interacts with CIPC (By similarity). Interacts with EZH2 (By similarity). Interacts with EIF4E, PIWIL1 and DDX4 (By similarity). Interacts with PER2 and CRY1 and the interaction with PER and CRY proteins requires translocation to the nucleus. Interacts with PER1 and CRY2 (By similarity). Interaction of the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer with PER or CRY inhibits transcription activation. Interaction of the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 with CRY1 is independent of DNA but with PER2 is off DNA. The CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer interacts with GSK3B. Interacts with KDM5A. Interacts with MYBBP1A (By similarity). Interacts with THRAP3 (By similarity). Interacts with MED1; this interaction requires the presence of THRAP3 (By similarity). Interacts with NCOA2 (By similarity). The CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer interacts with PASD1. Interacts with ASS1 and IMPDH2; in a circadian manner. Interacts with NDUFA9. Interacts with PIWIL2 (via PIWI domain). Interacts with HNF4A.

研究领域

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.

· Organismal Systems > Environmental adaptation > Circadian rhythm.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Nervous system > Dopaminergic synapse.

文献引用

1). Zheng-Rong Gao et al. A comprehensive analysis of the circRNA–miRNA–mRNA network in osteocyte-like cell associated with Mycobacterium leprae infection. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2022 May 2;16(5):e0010379. (PubMed: 35500036) [IF=3.8]

Application: WB    Species: Mice    Sample: BMSCs

Fig 4. Bioinformatics analysis of the gene pathways that were enriched in the N.g MDP–treated osteocytes and verification in vitro. (A and B) Pathway enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes, including clock and Rora, were associated with Circadian rhythm pathways. The size of the nodes and the intensity of the color indicate the gene number and mean P value. (C) qRT-PCR showed decreased expression of clock mRNA, n = 3. (D) Western blots showed decreased expression of CLOCK, RUNX2, and BGLAP. (E) Quantitative analysis of the expression of CLOCK protein. n = 3. (F) qRT-PCR showed increased expression of clock mRNA after osteogenic induction. (G) In vivo, immunohistochemistry showed increased CLOCK expression in bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and osteoblasts, but decreased expression in osteocytes. Scale bar = 10 μm. (H and I) Quantitative analysis of immunohistochemical score of (G). Green arrow, BMSCs; blue arrow, osteoblast; red arrow, osteocyte; Control, the sample was treated with culture medium in vitro or saline only in vivo; MDP, the sample was treated with 1 μg/ml N.g MDP for 36 h in vitro or 2 μg N.g MDP dissolved in 100 μl of saline solution for 10 days in vivo.

限制条款

产品的规格、报价、验证数据请以官网为准,官网链接:www.affbiotech.com | www.affbiotech.cn(简体中文)| www.affbiotech.jp(日本語)

产品的数据信息为Affinity所有,未经授权不得收集Affinity官网数据或资料用于商业用途,对抄袭产品数据的行为我们将保留诉诸法律的权利。

产品相关数据会因产品批次、产品检测情况随时调整,如您已订购该产品,请以订购时随货说明书为准,否则请以官网内容为准,官网内容有改动时恕不另行通知。

Affinity保证所销售产品均经过严格质量检测。如您购买的商品在规定时间内出现问题需要售后时,请您在Affinity官方渠道提交售后申请。

产品仅供科学研究使用。不用于诊断和治疗。 

产品未经授权不得转售。

Affinity Biosciences将不会对在使用我们的产品时可能发生的专利侵权或其他侵权行为负责。Affinity Biosciences, Affinity Biosciences标志和所有其他商标所有权归Affinity Biosciences LTD.