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  • 名 称:
    alpha-SMA 抗体
  • 货 号:
    AF1032
  • RRID:
    AB_2835329
  • 来 源:
    Rabbit
  • 应 用:
    WB,IHC,IF/ICC,IP,ELISA
  • 反 应:
    Human, Mouse, Rat, Bovine
  • 预 测:
    Pig(100%), Horse(100%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(100%), Dog(100%), Chicken(100%)
  • 蛋白号:
  • 分子量:
    (Observed)45kD; (Calculated)42kDa
  • 浓 度:
    1mg/ml
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产品信息

别名:Expand▼

a actin; AAT6; ACTA_HUMAN; ACTA2; Actin alpha 2 smooth muscle aorta; Actin aortic smooth muscle; Actin, aortic smooth muscle; ACTSA; ACTVS; Alpha 2 actin; Alpha actin 2; Alpha cardiac actin; Alpha-actin-2; Cell growth inhibiting gene 46 protein; Cell growth-inhibiting gene 46 protein; GIG46; Growth inhibiting gene 46; MYMY5; Sarcomeric Actin;

应用:

WB: 1:500-1:1000, IHC: 1:50-1:500, IF/ICC: 1:200, IP 1:100, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000

反应性:

Human, Mouse, Rat, Bovine

预测反应:

Pig(100%), Horse(100%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(100%), Dog(100%), Chicken(100%)

来源:

Rabbit

克隆性:

Polyclonal

纯化:

The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).

特异性:

alpha-SMA Antibody detects endogenous levels of total alpha-SMA.

免疫原:

A synthesized peptide derived from human alpha-SMA, corresponding to a region within N-terminal amino acids.

RRID:

AB_2835329
引用格式: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF1032, RRID:AB_2835329.

形式:

Liquid

浓度:

1mg/ml

保存条件:

Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.Store at -20 °C.Stable for 15 months from date of receipt.

免疫原

Immunogen:

A synthesized peptide derived from human alpha-SMA, corresponding to a region within N-terminal amino acids.

Uniprot:



>>Visit The Human Protein Atlas

Gene ID:

Gene Name:

ACTA2

Molecular Weight:

Observed Mol.Wt.: (Observed)45kD.
Predicted Mol.Wt.: (Calculated)42kDa.

Subcellular Location:

Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton.

Description:

Defects in ACTA2 are the cause of aortic aneurysm familial thoracic type 6 (AAT6) [MIM:611788]. AATs are characterized by permanent dilation of the thoracic aorta usually due to degenerative changes in the aortic wall. They are primarily associated with a characteristic histologic appearance known as 'medial necrosis' or 'Erdheim cystic medial necrosis' in which there is degeneration and fragmentation of elastic fibers, loss of smooth muscle cells, and an accumulation of basophilic ground substance.

Sequence:
MCEEEDSTALVCDNGSGLCKAGFAGDDAPRAVFPSIVGRPRHQGVMVGMGQKDSYVGDEAQSKRGILTLKYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHSFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEAPLNPKANREKMTQIMFETFNVPAMYVAIQAVLSLYASGRTTGIVLDSGDGVTHNVPIYEGYALPHAIMRLDLAGRDLTDYLMKILTERGYSFVTTAEREIVRDIKEKLCYVALDFENEMATAASSSSLEKSYELPDGQVITIGNERFRCPETLFQPSFIGMESAGIHETTYNSIMKCDIDIRKDLYANNVLSGGTTMYPGIADRMQKEITALAPSTMKIKIIAPPERKYSVWIGGSILASLSTFQQMWISKQEYDEAGPSIVHRKCF

研究背景

Function:

Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells.

Post-translational Modifications:

Oxidation of Met-46 and Met-49 by MICALs (MICAL1, MICAL2 or MICAL3) to form methionine sulfoxide promotes actin filament depolymerization. MICAL1 and MICAL2 produce the (R)-S-oxide form. The (R)-S-oxide form is reverted by MSRB1 and MSRB2, which promotes actin repolymerization.

Monomethylation at Lys-86 (K84me1) regulates actin-myosin interaction and actomyosin-dependent processes. Demethylation by ALKBH4 is required for maintaining actomyosin dynamics supporting normal cleavage furrow ingression during cytokinesis and cell migration.

Methylated at His-75 by SETD3.

(Microbial infection) Monomeric actin is cross-linked by V.cholerae toxins RtxA and VgrG1 in case of infection: bacterial toxins mediate the cross-link between Lys-52 of one monomer and Glu-272 of another actin monomer, resulting in formation of highly toxic actin oligomers that cause cell rounding (PubMed:19015515). The toxin can be highly efficient at very low concentrations by acting on formin homology family proteins: toxic actin oligomers bind with high affinity to formins and adversely affect both nucleation and elongation abilities of formins, causing their potent inhibition in both profilin-dependent and independent manners (PubMed:26228148).

Subcellular Location:

Cytoplasm>Cytoskeleton.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location

Subunit Structure:

Polymerization of globular actin (G-actin) leads to a structural filament (F-actin) in the form of a two-stranded helix. Each actin can bind to 4 others.

Similarity:

Belongs to the actin family.

研究领域

Research Fields:

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Apelin signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Relaxin signaling pathway.
· Organismal Systems > Circulatory system > Vascular smooth muscle contraction.(View pathway)

Reference Citations:

1). Chen Y et al. Inhibition of miR-155-5p Exerts Anti-Fibrotic Effects in Silicotic Mice by Regulating Meprin α. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2019 Nov 26;19:350-360 (PubMed: 31877411) [IF=5.919]

2). Xiaojun W et al. Acetylated α-Tubulin Regulated by N-Acetyl-Seryl-Aspartyl-Lysyl-Proline(Ac-SDKP) Exerts the Anti-fibrotic Effect in Rat Lung Fibrosis Induced by Silica. Sci Rep 2016 Aug 31;6:32257 (PubMed: 27577858) [IF=4.011]

Application: WB    Species:rat;    Sample:Not available

Figure 3. Effect of Ac-SDKP on col I, α-SMA, and α-Ac-Tub in silicosis rats. (a) The expression of α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in lung tissue measured by immunohistochemistry. Scale bar=200μm and 50μm. (b) The expression of col I, α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in lung tissue measured by Western blot. Data presented as mean±SEM; N=4 independent experiments.

Application: IHC    Species:rat;    Sample:Not available

Figure 3. Effect of Ac-SDKP on col I, α-SMA, and α-Ac-Tub in silicosis rats. (a) The expression of α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in lung tissue measured by immunohistochemistry. Scale bar=200μm and 50μm. (b) The expression of col I, α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in lung tissue measured by Western blot. Data presented as mean±SEM; N=4 independent experiments.

Application: IF/ICC    Species:rat;    Sample:Not available

Figure 4. Effect of Ac-SDKP on col I, α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in fibroblasts induced by Ang II. (a) The coexpression of α-SMA and α-Ac-Tub in fibroblasts induced by Ang II measured by immunofluorescence. Scale bar=50μm. (b) Effect of Ac-SDKP, valsartan (AT1 inhibitor), TCS HDAC6 20b (specific HDAC6 inhibitor), and Y-27632 (ROCK inhibitor) on fibroblasts measured by Western blot. Data presented as mean±SEM; N=4 independent experiments.


3). Wang C et al. Cryptotanshinone Attenuates Airway Remodeling by Inhibiting Crosstalk Between Tumor Necrosis Factor-Like Weak Inducer of Apoptosis and Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1 Signaling Pathways in Asthma. Front Pharmacol 2019 Nov 11;10:1338 (PubMed: 31780948) [IF=3.845]

4). Wang S et al. N-carbamylglutamate restores nitric oxide synthesis and attenuates high altitude-induced pulmonary hypertension in Holstein heifers ascended to high altitude. J Anim Sci Biotechnol 2018 Sep 3;9:63 (PubMed: 30186602) [IF=3.441]

5). Liu D et al. MicroRNA-223 inhibits deposition of the extracellular matrix by airway smooth muscle cells through targeting IGF-1R in the PI3K/Akt pathway. Am J Transl Res 2018 Mar 15;10(3):744-752 (PubMed: 29636864) [IF=3.266]

6). [No authors listed] et al. Erratum: Endostatin attenuates PDGF-BB- or TGF-β1-induced HSCs activation via suppressing RhoA/ROCK1 signal pathways [Erratum]. Drug Des Devel Ther 2019 Jan 31;13:499-500 (PubMed: 30787592) [IF=3.208]

7). Ren H et al. Endostatin attenuates PDGF-BB- or TGF-β1-induced HSCs activation via suppressing RhoA/ROCK1 signal pathways. Drug Des Devel Ther 2019 Jan 11;13:285-290 (PubMed: 30666090) [IF=3.208]

8). Ma J et al. Locostatin Alleviates Liver Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride in Mice. Dig Dis Sci 2019 Sep;64(9):2570-2580 (PubMed: 30874989)

9). Zhu HF et al. Cancer-associated fibroblasts promote colorectal cancer progression by secreting CLEC3B. Cancer Biol Ther 2019 Mar 20:1-12 (PubMed: 30894065)

10). Zhao S et al. TGF-β1 promotes Staphylococcus aureus adhesion to and invasion into bovine mammary fibroblasts via the ERK pathway. Microb Pathog 2017 May;106:25-29 (PubMed: 28131949)

Application: WB    Species:bovine;    Sample:Not available

Fig. 3. S. aureus upregulates the protein expression of p-ERK1/2 to regulate Collagen I and a-SMA expression in BMFBs. Analysis of p-ERK1/2 protein expression in BMFBs after stimulation with 5 ng/ml TGF-b1 for 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, 48 h and 72 h (A). BMFBs were pretreated with PD98059 2 h before the indicated treatments with 5 ng/ ml TGF-b1. b-actin was used as a loading control for each condition (B). The data shown represent one of three independent experiments.


11). Ruan H et al. Anlotinib attenuated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis via the TGF-β1 signalling pathway. J Pharm Pharmacol 2019 Oct 28 (PubMed: 31659758)

12). Qiu H et al. DL-3-n-Butylphthalide reduces atrial fibrillation susceptibility by inhibiting atrial structural remodeling in rats with heart failure. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2018 Mar;391(3):323-334 (PubMed: 29290021)

13). Gong J et al. Krüppel‑like factor 4 ameliorates diabetic kidney disease by activating autophagy via the mTOR pathway. Mol Med Rep 2019 Oct;20(4):3240-3248 (PubMed: 31432191)

14). Zhang X et al. Qingshen Buyang Formula Attenuates Renal Fibrosis in 5/6 Nephrectomized Rats via Inhibiting EMT and Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 May 2;2019:5370847 (PubMed: 31186661)

15). Deng J et al. Protective effect of rosiglitazone on chronic renal allograft dysfunction in rats. Transpl Immunol 2019 Jan 22 (PubMed: 30682409)

16). Li XH et al. Parthenolide attenuated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis via the NF-κB/Snail signaling pathway. Respir Res 2018 Jun 5;19(1):111 (PubMed: 29871641)

17). et al. Human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells protect against renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis in cisplatin-treated rats.

18). et al. Inhibition of miR-155-5p Exerts Anti-Fibrotic Effects in Silicotic Rats by Regulating Meprin α.

19). et al. Multi-faceted effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) determined by immune microenvironment and their implications on MSC/biomaterial-based inflammatory disease therapy.

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Catalog Number :

AF1032-BP
(Blocking peptide available as AF1032-BP)

Price/Size :

¥2000/1mg.
Tips: For phospho antibody, we provide phospho peptide(0.5mg) and non-phospho peptide(0.5mg).

Function :

Blocking peptides are peptides that bind specifically to the target antibody and block antibody binding. These peptide usually contains the epitope recognized by the antibody. Antibodies bound to the blocking peptide no longer bind to the epitope on the target protein. This mechanism is useful when non-specific binding is an issue, for example, in Western blotting (immunoblot) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). By comparing the staining from the blocked antibody versus the antibody alone, one can see which staining is specific; Specific binding will be absent from the western blot or immunostaining performed with the neutralized antibody.

Format and storage :

Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 10 mg/ml.The purity is >90%,tested by HPLC and MS.Storage Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.

Precautions :

This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

Chicken
100%
Rabbit
100%
Pig
100%
Dog
100%
Sheep
100%
Horse
100%
Bovine
100%
Xenopus
75%
Zebrafish
63%
High similarity Medium similarity Low similarity No similarity
P62736 as Substrate
Site PTM Type Enzyme
E3 Acetylation
S35 Phosphorylation
K52 Acetylation
K52 Methylation
K52 Ubiquitination
S54 Phosphorylation
Y55 Phosphorylation
S62 Phosphorylation
K63 Acetylation
K63 Sumoylation
K63 Ubiquitination
T68 Phosphorylation
K70 Acetylation
K70 Methylation
K70 Ubiquitination
Y71 Phosphorylation
T79 Phosphorylation
K86 Acetylation
K86 Methylation
S91 Phosphorylation
Y93 Phosphorylation
R97 Methylation
K115 Acetylation
K115 Ubiquitination
T128 Phosphorylation
Y145 Phosphorylation
T151 Phosphorylation
S157 Phosphorylation
Y168 Phosphorylation
Y171 Phosphorylation
T188 Phosphorylation
Y190 Phosphorylation
K193 Acetylation
K193 Methylation
K193 Ubiquitination
T196 Phosphorylation
R198 Methylation
Y200 Phosphorylation
S201 Phosphorylation
T204 Phosphorylation
K215 Acetylation
K215 Ubiquitination
K217 Acetylation
K217 Methylation
C219 S-Nitrosylation
Y220 Phosphorylation
S235 Phosphorylation
S236 Phosphorylation
S237 Phosphorylation
K240 Ubiquitination
S241 Phosphorylation
Y242 Phosphorylation
T251 Phosphorylation
C259 S-Nitrosylation
T262 Phosphorylation
S267 Phosphorylation
T280 Phosphorylation
Y281 Phosphorylation
S283 Phosphorylation
C287 S-Nitrosylation
K293 Ubiquitination
Y296 Phosphorylation
T305 Phosphorylation
T306 Phosphorylation
Y308 Phosphorylation
K317 Acetylation
K317 Sumoylation
K317 Ubiquitination
T320 Phosphorylation
S325 Phosphorylation
T326 Phosphorylation
K328 Acetylation
K328 Methylation
K328 Sumoylation
K328 Ubiquitination
K330 Acetylation
K330 Sumoylation
K330 Ubiquitination
K338 Sumoylation
S350 Phosphorylation
Y364 Phosphorylation
S370 Phosphorylation
K375 Ubiquitination
C376 S-Nitrosylation
IMPORTANT: For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted antibody in 5% w/v milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween®20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

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